The Mediterranean Diet (MD), characterized by daily consumption of non-processed cereals, extra virgin olive oil, fruit and vegetables, weekly frequent consumption of legumes, dairy products, fish and poultry and limited consumption of red meat and sweets, is promoted worldwide as one of the healthiest dietary patterns due to its consistent benefits on chronic diseases and longevity (Trichopoulou et al, 2014). A recently published umbrella review of meta-analyses of observational studies and randomized trials including a total population of over than 12 800 000 subjects found that greater adherence to the MD was supported by robust evidence to reduce the risk of overall mortality, cardiovascular diseases, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, overall cancer incidence, neurodegenerative diseases, in particular Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, as well as diabetes. Suggestive or weak evidence was also found supporting the greater effectiveness of the MD in reducing weight, BMI and waist circumference, lowering total cholesterol concentration and increasing HDL-cholesterol concentration, when compared to control diet. Evidence is suggestive for a protective effect of the MD on for most of the site-specific cancers, as well as for inflammatory and metabolic parameters (Dinu et al, 2017). As a dietary model with numerous health benefits and no known risks, this model of eating will form the basis of the nutritional platform of the application.
- Trichopoulou A, Martínez-González MA, Tong TYN, Forouhi NG, Khandelwal S, Prabhakaran D, Mozaffarian D and de Lorgeril M (2014) Definitions and potential health benefits of the Mediterranean diet: views from experts around the world. BMC Medicine 12:112.
- Dinu M, Pagliai G, Casini A and Sofi F (2017) Mediterranean diet and multiple health outcomes: an umbrella review of meta-analyses of observational studies and randomized trials. Eur J Clin Nutr advance online publication 10 May 2017, doi:10.10.1038/ejcn.2017.58